How to Properly Refinish Your Hardwood Floors

Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ is an excellent option for fixing significant scratches, dents, or gouges in your hardwood floors. Refinishing will also protect and prolong the life of your hardwood floors.

Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Before starting the refinishing process, remove everything from the room (including rugs and furniture) to minimize dust. Bringing in fresh air to reduce strong odors is also a good idea.

Before a new finish can be applied to your hardwood floors, the surface must be sanded down. This is a very messy process, and requires specialized equipment to do correctly. Professional refinishers have sanding machines that are designed to reduce dust and mess, but even then, the room will still need to be completely sealed off to keep the new finish away from anything it shouldn’t be around. This includes a tarp covering anything outside the door to prevent rainwater from soaking through, and painter’s tape to cover outlets, gaps under doors, and other things that might allow sawdust into rooms where it shouldn’t be.

During the sanding process, the old finish and any major scratches or gouges in your floor will be removed. A 40 grit belt is used to remove any loose or damaged wood, and once this has been done, the floor will be buffed with a 60 grit, then a 100 grit belt to leave it smooth and ready for a new finish. Once sanding is complete, the floor must be vacuumed and wiped down with mineral spirits to remove any remaining grit and to make sure the floor is free of dirt.

While some refinishers skip this step, it’s important to have a clean floor to begin the staining process. This will give you the best results, and it’s a good idea to test your stain color on an inconspicuous area of the floor. This will give you an idea of how the finish will look when it’s dry and help you decide if you need to change the shade or add a tint to the final product.

Once the floor has been scuff-sanded, cleaned and wiped down with mineral spirits, it’s time to apply a fresh coat of finish. This should be allowed to dry fully before moving furniture back into the room.

The refinishing process may take four to seven days, depending on the size of the room and type of finish used. A good refinishing contractor will have the experience to get the job done quickly, efficiently and with as little disruption to your home life as possible. They will be able to answer any questions you have and provide a detailed quote before beginning the work, which will include the cost of materials.


Whether you have solid hardwood floors or engineered wood flooring (which consists of real hardwood bonded to plywood), once the sanding process is complete, it’s time for staining. This is the most important step in refinishing hardwood floors, and it can be a big mistake if not done correctly. Before beginning, make sure you have the right tools and materials for the job. It’s also important to prepare the area where you plan to work, such as sealing up air vents, covering furniture and removing baseboards.

When staining your floor, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. It’s also a good idea to test the stain on a small section of your floor before applying it to the entire room. Different woods react to stains differently, and it can be difficult to get the perfect color with only one coat.

The next step is to apply a protective sealant to your hardwood floors. This will protect them from water, dirt and dust, which can damage the surface. It’s recommended to apply at least three coats of polyurethane for a high-quality finish. It’s also important to let each coat dry completely before applying the next one.

You can hire a professional to stain and seal your hardwood floors, or you can do it yourself. However, it’s important to remember that refinishing is a labor-intensive process and mistakes can be costly. If you’re not comfortable with the task, or if you don’t have the time to devote to it, hiring a professional might be a wise choice.

If your floors are not in a good condition and you want to restore them, refinishing is the best option. It is more expensive than resealing, but it will make your floors look new and improve their durability. The best way to choose a contractor is by reading online reviews and asking friends for recommendations. It’s also important to check their license, insurance and references. Make sure to find a contractor with a great reputation and excellent customer service. This will ensure that you’re getting the best possible results.


Before refinishing, it is important to make sure that you’ve taken all necessary steps to protect your floors. This is especially true if you plan on doing the work yourself, as this is a very labor-intensive project and mistakes could easily damage your hardwood. First, you’ll want to remove baseboards, quarter-round trim and any other moldings that are attached to the floor. This will make it easier to clean up later, and it can help keep dust from getting into other parts of your home. You’ll also need to seal any air vents in the room and cover them with plastic sheeting. You should also remove any curtains or pictures in the room, as these can be damaged by sanding dust.

Before moving on to refinishing, it’s important to do a quick test of the product you’re using. A good rule of thumb is to use a small amount on a corner or small section of your floor and let it dry. This will give you a chance to see how well it works and if it has any strong chemicals that may be dangerous for your family to be exposed to.

Once the test has been completed, you can begin refinishing your hardwood floors. It’s important to refinish them with high-quality products that are designed for wood floors, including stain and varnish. The stains will be used to create the color you want, and the varnish will protect the surface of the wood from moisture and wear and tear. You can choose between oil-based or water-based varnish, but either type will provide protection for your flooring.

After refinishing, it’s best to let your floors dry completely before placing furniture or rugs on them. It can take four to seven days for your floors to fully cure, depending on the type of finish you’ve chosen. Once your floors have dried, it’s important to sweep and vacuum daily to remove any debris that can scratch or scuff the surface. You should also avoid using a mop or steam cleaner on your hardwood floors, as these can damage the finish and cause scratches.


Once you’ve sanded and applied a stain, it’s time for the final step of refinishing: applying a new topcoat. This will introduce a fresh color to your hardwood floors and protect them. Depending on the type of finish you choose, it may take a few hours to several days for it to dry completely. This is another important step in the refinishing process and should be done thoroughly. Make sure that you remove any furniture or other items in the room, and use a vacuum cleaner, broom or dust pan to clean the floor and ensure that it’s free of tiny particles of dust that could mar your new finish.

When you’re ready to apply the topcoat, follow the instructions on the can and do a test patch on an inconspicuous area of the floor. This will allow you to see how well the product applies, and ensure that it will not discolor the wood. It’s also a good idea to apply at least two coats of finish, although three may be necessary for the best results. Be sure to allow each coat of finish to dry fully before reviving your hardwood floors.

Depending on the type of finish you choose, the process of refinishing your hardwood floors can take anywhere from four to seven days. It is a time consuming and labor intensive task, but it will result in beautiful and healthy floors that can be enjoyed for years to come.

Refinishing is a great choice for older hardwood floors that have become worn and scratched over the years, as it will help restore their original appearance. Refinishing is a much more involved process than recoating, as it requires the entire surface of the hardwood to be sanded down and then reapplied with a new coating. This is a more expensive option, but it will give you the look of brand new hardwood floors.

Refinishing your hardwood floors can be a difficult project, especially for one person working alone. However, with a little research and patience, it’s possible to do this job yourself, saving you the cost of hiring a professional. Just remember to be patient and work slowly, and keep in mind that the results will be worth it.